Bloated? Abdominal discomfort? Excessive wind? Any of these symptoms sound familiar? If so, you may have Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). If you are like Jennifer or the many people with IBS you have probably tried many medications and dietary changes with little relief.
Up until now there have been mixed responses to treatment, however, there is now a new diet treatment called the low FODMAP diet. This diet treatment has been shown in research to give satisfactory relief of gut symptoms in 75% of people who made the necessary changes.
Simply put, FODMAPs are dietary carbohydrates. In people with IBS these FODMAPs are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and fermented in the large intestine. This fermentation process triggers symptoms in sensitive individuals due to gas formation and water changes in the large intestine. Symptoms such as bloating/distention, abdominal pain/discomfort, wind, flatulence, urgency with bowel movement, incomplete evacuation, diarrhoea and/or constipation are all commonly reported. Reducing the intake of FODMAPs has been shown to satisfactorily improve gut symptoms.
The low FODMAP diet should only be followed under the guidance of trained dietitian.
Type 4 is the ideal healthy stool.